Agree to the answer by David Himes. You do not receive the tax deductions. A better way to rephrase may be you are eligible to claim certain tax deductions on your tax return based on the established criteria by the IRS.
For a complete list of credits and deductions, below is the link from the IRS website
In addition to this information, if this is your first year living in the United States, then determining your residency status correctly and filing the right forms is also very important.
** Based on our response posted on quora.
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